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Modern Slavery also referred to as “human trafficking” is an international crime, affecting an estimated over 40 million people around the world. There are an estimated 136,000 people living in Modern Slavery in the United Kingdom. (Source for data: Global Slavery Index Report 2018).

Someone is in slavery if they are:

  • forced to work - through mental or physical threat
  • owned or controlled by an 'employer', usually through mental or physical abuse or the threat of abuse
  • dehumanised, treated as a commodity or bought and sold as 'property'
  • physically constrained or has restrictions placed on his/her freedom of movement.

The term Modern Slavery captures a whole range of types of exploitation, many of which occur together. These include but are not limited to:

  • forced or bonded Labour
  • sex Trafficking
  • forced Migrant Labour
  • domestic Servitude 
  • forced Child Labour
  • child Soldiers
  • children Exploited for Commercial Sex (including Child Sex Tourism)
  • other Forms of Exploitation – Organ removal, forced begging, forced benefit fraud, forced marriage and illegal adoption.

Who is affected by Modern Slavery?

Modern slavery affects people of all ages, gender and races. However those that are socially excluded, a minority group or vulnerable tend to be targeted the most. 

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Related links

If you feel that you are a victim of slavery it is important that you seek help as soon as you are able to. There are people who will provide you with the help and support you need to break free from slavery.
If you are concerned that someone is a victim of slavery it is important that you report it so that person can get the help and support to break free from exploitation.
The Wales Anti-Slavery Leadership Group has launched a Guide with useful information for first responders in Wales.

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Live Fear Free is a Welsh Government website, providing information and advice for those suffering with violence against women, domestic abuse and sexual violence.

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